There are two main types of abortion: medical and surgical. The type of abortion procedure done depends on gestational age, medical history, and current state of health.
What Is a Medical Abortion?
Medical abortion is the process of terminating a pregnancy through a medication regimen. This type of abortion is also known as a chemical or home abortion. The medication used is commonly known as the abortion pill.
Here’s how it works:
First, mifepristone is used and blocks progesterone (a vital hormone for pregnancy). Once blocked, the uterine walls begin to thin and shed, causing the embryo to become detached.
Next, misoprostol is taken and acts by causing contractions. The body will then disregard the embryo and pregnancy tissue through the vagina.
Risks associated with medical abortions are:
- Incomplete abortion, which may need to be followed by surgical abortion
- An ongoing pregnancy if the procedure doesn’t work
- Heavy and prolonged bleeding
- Digestive system discomfort
Speaking to a trusted professional to discuss your health before this procedure is important to help protect your safety.
What Is a Surgical Abortion?
There are two types of surgical abortions:
Dilation and curettage (D&C): Performed during the first trimester and uses small instruments or medication to dilate the cervix. A surgical instrument called a curette, which can be a sharp instrument or suction device is used to remove uterine tissue.
Dilation and Evacuation (D&E): Performed in the second trimester of pregnancy. It usually includes a combination of vacuum aspiration, D&C, and surgical instruments.
Some but not all the risks associated with this invasive procedure women should be aware of are:
- Uterine perforation
- Injury to the cervix
Want To Learn More
If you wish to discuss your options, we’re here for you. Contact us us today for a free appointment.
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